18 Language Tutorials

These Language tutorials are written by experienced educators, all of whom also offer private tutoring lessons. Get the Language help you need, whether through these tutorials or through private tutoring lessons.

The Present Progressive in Spanish

The Spanish present progressive tense is used to say what is happening now or “going on” right now. It is formed using the verb “estar” (to be) plus a present participle. Example: Yo estoy trabajando ahora. (I am working now.) To use a verb in the present progressive, you must first conjugate the verb estar…

Cognates

Cognates are words in two languages that have a common origin or etymology and are similar or identical. A cognate is an easy word to remember because it looks and means the same thing in Spanish as a word you already know in English. Examples of cognates: English Spanish actor actor animal animal balance balance…

-are Verb Present Tense Conjugation

In Italian, there are three main conjugation groups: -are, -ere, and -ire. The first of these, -are, is very common. Some examples include: giocare (to play), studiare (to study), and pagare (to pay). There are six forms for -are in the present tense. io (first person, singular: I) tu (second person, singular: You) Lei, lei/lui…

Noun/Adjective Agreement

All nouns and adjectives in Spanish have a gender: masculine and feminine. All nouns in Spanish have an article in front of them to determine the gender. Adjectives go after the nouns and must agree with the article. El is a masculine article and it means the. For example El chico = The boy. La…

spanish letters ll and rr

Have you ever wondered if the letters of the alphabet in Spanish are the same as the English alphabet? Well, almost, because the Spanish alphabet has extra letters. Here are two examples on why the Spanish language is different than English:

Using the Subjunctive in Noun Clauses

Out of the three moods in Spanish (indicative, subjunctive, and imperative), the subjunctive mood can be one of the hardest to understand. While the most commonly used mood, the indicative, expresses certainty and fact, the subjunctive mood does the opposite–expressing doubt and uncertainty. The subjunctive appears in noun, adjective, and adverb clauses. Noun Clause -…

Conjugating French Verbs in the Present tense

Present Tense: Occurring in the present; ongoing in the present Infinitive: Base of the word (to Eat, to Sleep) Conjugate: Manipulate or modify an infinitive of a verb to be in accordance with the voice, mood, or tense. The present tense is no doubt the most frequently used verb tense in any language! (I am…

Conjugation -ER vs -IR

Sometimes students get confused with conjugations since there are three main verb endings in Spanish: -ar, -er, -ir The -ar verbs seem not to get in the way as much, so at the moment we will focus on -er vs. -ir.

French Poetry

How to say some beautiful lines to your friend, your partner or your children without even speaking one word of French.

Verbs of Motion Basics

According to 501 Russian Verbs by Thomas R. Beyer, Jr., “[t]he verbs of motion are an essential part of a Russian’s outlook.” In this lesson we will take a look at several common verbs of motion.

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