Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns
Remember how funny it was to hear Yoda speak in the Star Wars films? That’s because word order matters in sentences. Unfortunately, translating thoughts from one language to another isn’t always smooth sailing and you might sounds like Yoda if you don’t know the rules. Here are some tips on formulating Spanish sentences so that your Direct and Indirect object pronouns are correctly ordered for smooth a translation.
Key (f): familiar (F): formal
Direct Object Pronouns
(F) lo, la
(F) los, las
Indirect Object Pronouns
When you have both direct and indirect object pronouns in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun comes first.
Ellos me los dan.
They give them to me.
IO pronoun- me
DO pronoun- los
Ella te la vende.
She sells it to you.
IO pronouns- te
DO pronoun- la
When both pronouns begin with the letter L, chance the first pronouns to “se”. This avoids tongue twisting.
le lo = se lo
le la = se la
le los = se los
le las = se las
les lo = se lo
les la = se la
les los = se los
les las = se las
When forming negative sentences, place negatives before the first pronoun.
Example: *No* se lo tengo = I don’t have it for you.
Because the pronouns “se” can have multiple meanings, it is helpful to use prepositional phrases for clarification.
When pronouns come before the conjugated verb, make the sentence negative by placing the negative word directly before the pronouns.
Example: Ella *no* me lo debe explicar
About The Author
|Bilingual Elementary Subjects Tutor|
|Hello! My name is Christina Allayna Temple. I am a 21 year old female studying Communications with a concentration in Public Relations. I am bilingual in English and Spanish. I worked a semester at North Carolina State University as a Resident Advisor for Bowen Hall Residents where I had to develop ...|