Gender Agreement of Nouns and Adjectives

French Tutorial

Gender Agreement of Nouns and Adjectives


In French, a noun can be masculine or feminine depending on its ending, article, and the context of the sentence in which it’s found. There are several endings for both genders, for example, in the masculine -eur, -el, -ien, no -e, etc and, in the Feminine, -eure, -elle, -ienne, -e, etc).

Sample Problem

English: “The sky is blue” “The car is blue”

French: “Le ciel est bleu” “La voiture est bleue”


In the first phrase, “The sky is blue,” the words, “Le” and “bleu” make the word “ciel” masculine as both words are in the masculine form. In the second phrase, “The car is blue,” the word, “voiture” is feminine because it is preceded by “La,” a feminine article, and succeeded the adjective, “bleue” which has the feminine ending -e. In both cases, the word “est” has no gender since it is a verb in the present tense which doesn’t need to agree with either words’ gender.

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