Spelling pattern 1: FLOSS (or FLoSZy)

Dyslexia Tutorial

Spelling pattern 1: FLOSS (or FLoSZy)


Students with dyslexia often require explicit spelling instruction and much practice before mastery. Trained teachers/ therapists give students ample reading practice before introducing the spelling concept. The FLOSS rule is the first of five major spelling patterns in English.

The FLOSS pattern: In a one-syllable base word with a short vowel that ends in /f/, /l/, or /s/, double the (f), (l), or (s). Some curricula include /z/ as well, and call it the FLoSZy pattern.

Examples: stuff, hill, pass, buzz

Sample Problem

Explain why the FLOSS/ FLoSZy pattern is NOT applicable to the words below.

1. has
2. pastel
3. sits
4. peel


1. has – It does not end in /s/, but in /voiced s/.
2. pastel – It is not a one syllable word.
3. sits – It is not a base word. It contains suffix -s.
4. peel – It does not have a short vowel.

About The Author

Orton-Gillingham/ Structured Literacy Dyslexia Spe
I am certified to provide Orton-Gillingham academic language therapy to help students with reading, spelling, and writing. In-person and teletherapy options are available. Research shows that the longer parents wait to get treatment, the harder it is for the student to catch up to peers. If your c...
8 Subjects
KnowRo Tutor
4 Tutorials
Grand Prairie, TX
Get Tutoring Info

Suggested Tutors for Dyslexia Help

Larissa T

Arlington, VA

Writing And Math Expert And SAT And ACT Instructor

Margaret M

Clarksburg, MD

I Love Learning

Matt E

Manassas, VA

Reading And Math Expert

Emily V

Alexandria, VA

Versatile And Flexible Tutor