A suffix is a word part added to the end of a base word and has its own meaning. Therefore, it changes the meaning of the base word.
*Sometimes a letter may be dropped from a base word.
ex. sense —> sensible
*Sometimes the final consonant of the base word may be doubled.
ex. plan —> planner
Here are the meanings of some suffixes:
-er/-or: a person or thing that does something
-ous: full of; having
For example you can add “-less” to the base word “rest” to make “restless”.
Based upon the suffix meaning, “restless” means without rest.
1) Because the suffix “-less” means “without”, you can infer that “effortless” means without effort.
2) Because the suffix “-er” means “a person or thing that does something”, you can infer that “dancer” means a person who dances.
3) Because the suffix “-ous” means “full of”, you can infer that “joyous” means full of joy.
4) Because the suffix “-or” means “a person or thing that does something”, you can infer that “elevator” means something that moves up and down.
5) Because the suffix “-ous” means “full of”, you can infer that “gracious” means full of grace.
**Notice: “Elevator” and “gracious” are words in which the “-e” was dropped prior to adding the suffix. These base words are “elevate” and “grace”.**
About The Author
|10 Years Special Education Experience And Current|
|I currently teach English as a second language to children in China, ages 5-12. I have 10 years of experience with teaching 9th-12th grade English and Reading classes, focusing on accommodations for students with learning disabilities. I believe this puts me at an advantage to be a successful tuto...|